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rep_util.c

/*-
 * See the file LICENSE for redistribution information.
 *
 * Copyright (c) 2001-2005
 *    Sleepycat Software.  All rights reserved.
 *
 * $Id: rep_util.c,v 12.42 2005/10/27 01:26:02 mjc Exp $
 */

#include "db_config.h"

#ifndef NO_SYSTEM_INCLUDES
#if TIME_WITH_SYS_TIME
#include <sys/time.h>
#include <time.h>
#else
#if HAVE_SYS_TIME_H
#include <sys/time.h>
#else
#include <time.h>
#endif
#endif

#include <stdlib.h>
#include <string.h>
#endif

#include "db_int.h"
#include "dbinc/log.h"
#include "dbinc/txn.h"
#ifdef REP_DIAGNOSTIC
#include "dbinc/db_page.h"
#include "dbinc/fop.h"
#include "dbinc/btree.h"
#include "dbinc/hash.h"
#include "dbinc/qam.h"
#endif

/*
 * rep_util.c:
 *    Miscellaneous replication-related utility functions, including
 *    those called by other subsystems.
 */

#define     TIMESTAMP_CHECK(dbenv, ts, renv) do {                       \
      if (renv->op_timestamp != 0 &&                              \
          renv->op_timestamp + DB_REGENV_TIMEOUT < ts) {          \
            REP_SYSTEM_LOCK(dbenv);                         \
            F_CLR(renv, DB_REGENV_REPLOCKED);               \
            renv->op_timestamp = 0;                         \
            REP_SYSTEM_UNLOCK(dbenv);                       \
      }                                               \
} while (0)

#ifdef REP_DIAGNOSTIC
static void __rep_print_logmsg __P((DB_ENV *, const DBT *, DB_LSN *));
#endif

/*
 * __rep_bulk_message --
 *    This is a wrapper for putting a record into a bulk buffer.  Since
 * we have different bulk buffers, the caller must hand us the information
 * we need to put the record into the correct buffer.  All bulk buffers
 * are protected by the REP->mtx_clientdb.
 *
 * PUBLIC: int __rep_bulk_message __P((DB_ENV *, REP_BULK *, REP_THROTTLE *,
 * PUBLIC:     DB_LSN *, const DBT *, u_int32_t));
 */
int
__rep_bulk_message(dbenv, bulk, repth, lsn, dbt, flags)
      DB_ENV *dbenv;
      REP_BULK *bulk;
      REP_THROTTLE *repth;
      DB_LSN *lsn;
      const DBT *dbt;
      u_int32_t flags;
{
      DB_REP *db_rep;
      REP *rep;
      int ret;
      u_int32_t recsize, typemore;
      u_int8_t *p;
#ifdef DIAGNOSTIC
      DB_MSGBUF mb;
#endif

      db_rep = dbenv->rep_handle;
      rep = db_rep->region;
      ret = 0;

      /*
       * Figure out the total number of bytes needed for this record.
       */
      recsize = dbt->size + sizeof(DB_LSN) + sizeof(dbt->size);

      /*
       * If *this* buffer is actively being transmitted, wait until
       * we can use it.
       */
      MUTEX_LOCK(dbenv, rep->mtx_clientdb);
      while (FLD_ISSET(*(bulk->flagsp), BULK_XMIT)) {
            MUTEX_UNLOCK(dbenv, rep->mtx_clientdb);
            __os_sleep(dbenv, 1, 0);
            MUTEX_LOCK(dbenv, rep->mtx_clientdb);
      }

      /*
       * If the record is bigger than the buffer entirely, send the
       * current buffer and then return DB_REP_BULKOVF so that this
       * record is sent as a singleton.  Do we have enough info to
       * do that here?  XXX
       */
      if (recsize > bulk->len) {
            RPRINT(dbenv, rep, (dbenv, &mb,
                "bulk_msg: Record %d (0x%x) larger than entire buffer 0x%x",
                recsize, recsize, bulk->len));
            rep->stat.st_bulk_overflows++;
            (void)__rep_send_bulk(dbenv, bulk, flags);
            /*
             * XXX __rep_send_message...
             */
            MUTEX_UNLOCK(dbenv, rep->mtx_clientdb);
            return (DB_REP_BULKOVF);
      }
      /*
       * If this record doesn't fit, send the current buffer.
       * Sending the buffer will reset the offset, but we will
       * drop the mutex while sending so we need to keep checking
       * if we're racing.
       */
      while (recsize + *(bulk->offp) > bulk->len) {
            RPRINT(dbenv, rep, (dbenv, &mb,
          "bulk_msg: Record %lu (%#lx) doesn't fit.  Send %lu (%#lx) now.",
                (u_long)recsize, (u_long)recsize,
                (u_long)bulk->len, (u_long)bulk->len));
            rep->stat.st_bulk_fills++;
            if ((ret = __rep_send_bulk(dbenv, bulk, flags)) != 0)
                  break;
      }

      /*
       * If we're using throttling, see if we are at the throttling
       * limit before we do any more work here, by checking if the
       * call to rep_send_throttle changed the repth->type to the
       * *_MORE message type.  If the throttling code hits the limit
       * then we're done here.
       */
      if (bulk->type == REP_BULK_LOG)
            typemore = REP_LOG_MORE;
      else
            typemore = REP_PAGE_MORE;
      if (repth != NULL &&
          (ret = __rep_send_throttle(dbenv, bulk->eid, repth,
          REP_THROTTLE_ONLY)) == 0 && repth->type == typemore) {
            RPRINT(dbenv, rep, (dbenv, &mb,
                "bulk_msg: Record %d (0x%x) hit throttle limit.",
                recsize, recsize));
            MUTEX_UNLOCK(dbenv, rep->mtx_clientdb);
            return (ret);
      }

      /*
       * Now we own the buffer, and we know our record fits into it.
       * The buffer is structured with the len, LSN and then the record.
       * Copy the record into the buffer.  Then if we need to,
       * send the buffer.
       */
      /*
       * First thing is the length of the dbt record.
       */
      p = bulk->addr + *(bulk->offp);
      memcpy(p, &dbt->size, sizeof(dbt->size));
      p += sizeof(dbt->size);
      /*
       * The next thing is the LSN.  We need LSNs for both pages and
       * log records.  For log records, this is obviously, the LSN of
       * this record.  For pages, the LSN is used by the internal init code.
       */
      memcpy(p, lsn, sizeof(DB_LSN));
      RPRINT(dbenv, rep, (dbenv, &mb,
          "bulk_msg: Copying LSN [%lu][%lu] of %lu bytes to %#lx",
          (u_long)lsn->file, (u_long)lsn->offset, (u_long)dbt->size,
          P_TO_ULONG(p)));
      p += sizeof(DB_LSN);
      /*
       * If we're the first record, we need to save the first
       * LSN in the bulk structure.
       */
      if (*(bulk->offp) == 0)
            bulk->lsn = *lsn;
      /*
       * Now copy the record and finally adjust the offset.
       */
      memcpy(p, dbt->data, dbt->size);
      p += dbt->size;
      *(bulk->offp) = (uintptr_t)p - (uintptr_t)bulk->addr;
      rep->stat.st_bulk_records++;
      /*
       * Send the buffer if it is a perm record or a force.
       */
      if (LF_ISSET(DB_LOG_PERM) || FLD_ISSET(*(bulk->flagsp), BULK_FORCE)) {
            RPRINT(dbenv, rep, (dbenv, &mb,
                "bulk_msg: Send buffer after copy due to %s",
                LF_ISSET(DB_LOG_PERM) ? "PERM" : "FORCE"));
            ret = __rep_send_bulk(dbenv, bulk, flags);
      }
      MUTEX_UNLOCK(dbenv, rep->mtx_clientdb);
      return (ret);

}

/*
 * __rep_send_bulk --
 *    This function transmits the bulk buffer given.  It assumes the
 * caller holds the REP->mtx_clientdb.  We may release it and reacquire
 * it during this call.  We will return with it held.
 *
 * PUBLIC: int __rep_send_bulk __P((DB_ENV *, REP_BULK *, u_int32_t));
 */
int
__rep_send_bulk(dbenv, bulkp, flags)
      DB_ENV *dbenv;
      REP_BULK *bulkp;
      u_int32_t flags;
{
      DB_REP *db_rep;
      REP *rep;
      DBT dbt;
      int ret;
#ifdef DIAGNOSTIC
      DB_MSGBUF mb;
#endif

      /*
       * If the offset is 0, we're done.  There is nothing to send.
       */
      if (*(bulkp->offp) == 0)
            return (0);

      db_rep = dbenv->rep_handle;
      rep = db_rep->region;

      memset(&dbt, 0, sizeof(dbt));
      /*
       * Set that this buffer is being actively transmitted.
       */
      FLD_SET(*(bulkp->flagsp), BULK_XMIT);
      dbt.data = bulkp->addr;
      dbt.size = (u_int32_t)*(bulkp->offp);
      MUTEX_UNLOCK(dbenv, rep->mtx_clientdb);
      RPRINT(dbenv, rep, (dbenv, &mb,
          "send_bulk: Send %d (0x%x) bulk buffer bytes", dbt.size, dbt.size));
      /*
       * Unlocked the mutex and now send the message.
       */
      rep->stat.st_bulk_transfers++;
      ret = __rep_send_message(dbenv, bulkp->eid, bulkp->type, &bulkp->lsn,
          &dbt, flags, 0);

      MUTEX_LOCK(dbenv, rep->mtx_clientdb);
      /*
       * If we're successful, reset the offset pointer to 0.
       * Clear the transmit flag regardless.
       */
      if (ret == 0)
            *(bulkp->offp) = 0;
      FLD_CLR(*(bulkp->flagsp), BULK_XMIT);
      return (ret);
}

/*
 * __rep_bulk_alloc --
 *    This function allocates and initializes an internal bulk buffer.
 * This is used by the master when fulfilling a request for a chunk of
 * log records or a bunch of pages.
 *
 * PUBLIC: int __rep_bulk_alloc __P((DB_ENV *, REP_BULK *, int, uintptr_t *,
 * PUBLIC:    u_int32_t *, u_int32_t));
 */
int
__rep_bulk_alloc(dbenv, bulkp, eid, offp, flagsp, type)
      DB_ENV *dbenv;
      REP_BULK *bulkp;
      int eid;
      uintptr_t *offp;
      u_int32_t *flagsp, type;
{
      int ret;

      memset(bulkp, 0, sizeof(REP_BULK));
      *offp = *flagsp = 0;
      bulkp->len = MEGABYTE;
      if ((ret = __os_malloc(dbenv, bulkp->len, &bulkp->addr)) != 0)
            return (ret);
      bulkp->offp = offp;
      bulkp->type = type;
      bulkp->eid = eid;
      bulkp->flagsp = flagsp;
      return (ret);
}

/*
 * __rep_bulk_free --
 *    This function sends the remainder of the bulk buffer and frees it.
 *
 * PUBLIC: int __rep_bulk_free __P((DB_ENV *, REP_BULK *, u_int32_t));
 */
int
__rep_bulk_free(dbenv, bulkp, flags)
      DB_ENV *dbenv;
      REP_BULK *bulkp;
      u_int32_t flags;
{
      DB_REP *db_rep;
      int ret;

      db_rep = dbenv->rep_handle;

      MUTEX_LOCK(dbenv, db_rep->region->mtx_clientdb);
      ret = __rep_send_bulk(dbenv, bulkp, flags);
      MUTEX_UNLOCK(dbenv, db_rep->region->mtx_clientdb);
      __os_free(dbenv, bulkp->addr);
      return (ret);
}

/*
 * __rep_send_message --
 *    This is a wrapper for sending a message.  It takes care of constructing
 * the REP_CONTROL structure and calling the user's specified send function.
 *
 * PUBLIC: int __rep_send_message __P((DB_ENV *, int,
 * PUBLIC:     u_int32_t, DB_LSN *, const DBT *, u_int32_t, u_int32_t));
 */
int
__rep_send_message(dbenv, eid, rtype, lsnp, dbt, logflags, repflags)
      DB_ENV *dbenv;
      int eid;
      u_int32_t rtype;
      DB_LSN *lsnp;
      const DBT *dbt;
      u_int32_t logflags, repflags;
{
      DB_REP *db_rep;
      REP *rep;
      DBT cdbt, scrap_dbt;
      REP_CONTROL cntrl;
      int ret;
      u_int32_t myflags, rectype;
#ifdef DIAGNOSTIC
      DB_MSGBUF mb;
#endif

      db_rep = dbenv->rep_handle;
      rep = db_rep->region;

      /* Set up control structure. */
      memset(&cntrl, 0, sizeof(cntrl));
      if (lsnp == NULL)
            ZERO_LSN(cntrl.lsn);
      else
            cntrl.lsn = *lsnp;
      cntrl.rectype = rtype;
      cntrl.flags = logflags;
      cntrl.rep_version = DB_REPVERSION;
      cntrl.log_version = DB_LOGVERSION;
      cntrl.gen = rep->gen;

      memset(&cdbt, 0, sizeof(cdbt));
      cdbt.data = &cntrl;
      cdbt.size = sizeof(cntrl);

      /* Don't assume the send function will be tolerant of NULL records. */
      if (dbt == NULL) {
            memset(&scrap_dbt, 0, sizeof(DBT));
            dbt = &scrap_dbt;
      }

      REP_PRINT_MESSAGE(dbenv, eid, &cntrl, "rep_send_message");
#ifdef REP_DIAGNOSTIC
      if (FLD_ISSET(dbenv->verbose, DB_VERB_REPLICATION) && rtype == REP_LOG)
            __rep_print_logmsg(dbenv, dbt, lsnp);
#endif
      /*
       * There are several types of records: commit and checkpoint records
       * that affect database durability, regular log records that might
       * be buffered on the master before being transmitted, and control
       * messages which don't require the guarantees of permanency, but
       * should not be buffered.
       *
       * There are request records that can be sent anywhere, and there
       * are rerequest records that the app might want to send to the master.
       */
      myflags = repflags;
      if (FLD_ISSET(logflags, DB_LOG_PERM))
            myflags |= DB_REP_PERMANENT;
      else if (rtype != REP_LOG || FLD_ISSET(logflags, DB_LOG_RESEND))
            myflags |= DB_REP_NOBUFFER;
      if (rtype == REP_LOG && !FLD_ISSET(logflags, DB_LOG_PERM)) {
            /*
             * Check if this is a log record we just read that
             * may need a DB_LOG_PERM.  This is of type REP_LOG,
             * so we know that dbt is a log record.
             */
            memcpy(&rectype, dbt->data, sizeof(rectype));
            if (rectype == DB___txn_regop || rectype == DB___txn_ckp)
                  F_SET(&cntrl, DB_LOG_PERM);
       }

      /*
       * We set the LSN above to something valid.  Give the master the
       * actual LSN so that they can coordinate with permanent records from
       * the client if they want to.
       */
      ret = dbenv->rep_send(dbenv, &cdbt, dbt, &cntrl.lsn, eid, myflags);

      /*
       * We don't hold the rep lock, so this could miscount if we race.
       * I don't think it's worth grabbing the mutex for that bit of
       * extra accuracy.
       */
      if (ret == 0)
            rep->stat.st_msgs_sent++;
      else {
            rep->stat.st_msgs_send_failures++;
            RPRINT(dbenv, rep, (dbenv, &mb,
                "rep_send_function returned: %d", ret));
      }
      return (ret);
}

#ifdef REP_DIAGNOSTIC
/*
 * __rep_print_logmsg --
 *    This is a debugging routine for printing out log records that
 * we are about to transmit to a client.
 */
static void
__rep_print_logmsg(dbenv, logdbt, lsnp)
      DB_ENV *dbenv;
      const DBT *logdbt;
      DB_LSN *lsnp;
{
      /* Static structures to hold the printing functions. */
      static int (**ptab)__P((DB_ENV *,
          DBT *, DB_LSN *, db_recops, void *)) = NULL;
      size_t ptabsize = 0;

      if (ptabsize == 0) {
            /* Initialize the table. */
            (void)__bam_init_print(dbenv, &ptab, &ptabsize);
            (void)__crdel_init_print(dbenv, &ptab, &ptabsize);
            (void)__db_init_print(dbenv, &ptab, &ptabsize);
            (void)__dbreg_init_print(dbenv, &ptab, &ptabsize);
            (void)__fop_init_print(dbenv, &ptab, &ptabsize);
            (void)__ham_init_print(dbenv, &ptab, &ptabsize);
            (void)__qam_init_print(dbenv, &ptab, &ptabsize);
            (void)__txn_init_print(dbenv, &ptab, &ptabsize);
      }

      (void)__db_dispatch(dbenv,
          ptab, ptabsize, (DBT *)logdbt, lsnp, DB_TXN_PRINT, NULL);
}
#endif

/*
 * __rep_new_master --
 *    Called after a master election to sync back up with a new master.
 * It's possible that we already know of this new master in which case
 * we don't need to do anything.
 *
 * This is written assuming that this message came from the master; we
 * need to enforce that in __rep_process_record, but right now, we have
 * no way to identify the master.
 *
 * PUBLIC: int __rep_new_master __P((DB_ENV *, REP_CONTROL *, int));
 */
int
__rep_new_master(dbenv, cntrl, eid)
      DB_ENV *dbenv;
      REP_CONTROL *cntrl;
      int eid;
{
      DB_LOG *dblp;
      DB_LOGC *logc;
      DB_LSN first_lsn, lsn;
      DB_REP *db_rep;
      DBT dbt;
      LOG *lp;
      REGENV *renv;
      REGINFO *infop;
      REP *rep;
      int change, do_req, ret, t_ret;
#ifdef DIAGNOSTIC
      DB_MSGBUF mb;
#endif

      db_rep = dbenv->rep_handle;
      rep = db_rep->region;
      ret = 0;
      logc = NULL;
      REP_SYSTEM_LOCK(dbenv);
      __rep_elect_done(dbenv, rep);
      change = rep->gen != cntrl->gen || rep->master_id != eid;
      if (change) {
            RPRINT(dbenv, rep, (dbenv, &mb,
                "Updating gen from %lu to %lu from master %d",
                (u_long)rep->gen, (u_long)cntrl->gen, eid));
            rep->gen = cntrl->gen;
            if (rep->egen <= rep->gen)
                  rep->egen = rep->gen + 1;
            RPRINT(dbenv, rep, (dbenv, &mb,
                "Egen is %lu", (u_long)rep->egen));
            rep->master_id = eid;
            rep->stat.st_master_changes++;
            rep->stat.st_startup_complete = 0;
            /*
             * If we're delaying client sync-up, we know we have a
             * new/changed master now, set flag indicating we are
             * actively delaying.
             */
            if (FLD_ISSET(rep->config, REP_C_DELAYCLIENT))
                  F_SET(rep, REP_F_DELAY);
            /*
             * If we are already locking out others, we're either
             * in the middle of sync-up recovery or internal init
             * when this newmaster comes in (we also lockout in
             * rep_start, but we cannot be racing that because we
             * don't allow rep_proc_msg when rep_start is going on).
             *
             * If we were in the middle of an internal initialization
             * and we've discovered a new master instead, clean up
             * our old internal init information.  We need to clean
             * up any flags and unlock our lockout.
             */
            if (rep->in_recovery || F_ISSET(rep, REP_F_READY)) {
                  (void)__rep_init_cleanup(dbenv, rep, DB_FORCE);
                  F_CLR(rep, REP_F_RECOVER_MASK);
                  rep->in_recovery = 0;
                  F_CLR(rep, REP_F_READY);
            }
            F_SET(rep, REP_F_NOARCHIVE | REP_F_RECOVER_VERIFY);
      }
      REP_SYSTEM_UNLOCK(dbenv);

      dblp = dbenv->lg_handle;
      lp = dblp->reginfo.primary;
      LOG_SYSTEM_LOCK(dbenv);
      lsn = lp->lsn;
      LOG_SYSTEM_UNLOCK(dbenv);

      if (!change) {
            /*
             * If there wasn't a change, we might still have some
             * catching up or verification to do.
             */
            ret = 0;
            MUTEX_LOCK(dbenv, rep->mtx_clientdb);
            do_req = __rep_check_doreq(dbenv, rep);
            if (F_ISSET(rep, REP_F_RECOVER_VERIFY)) {
                  lsn = lp->verify_lsn;
                  MUTEX_UNLOCK(dbenv, rep->mtx_clientdb);
                  if (!F_ISSET(rep, REP_F_DELAY) &&
                      !IS_ZERO_LSN(lsn) && do_req)
                        (void)__rep_send_message(dbenv, eid,
                            REP_VERIFY_REQ, &lsn, NULL, 0,
                            DB_REP_ANYWHERE);
            } else {
                  MUTEX_UNLOCK(dbenv, rep->mtx_clientdb);
                  if (log_compare(&lsn, &cntrl->lsn) < 0 && do_req)
                        (void)__rep_send_message(dbenv, eid,
                            REP_ALL_REQ, &lsn, NULL,
                            0, DB_REP_ANYWHERE);
                  REP_SYSTEM_LOCK(dbenv);
                  F_CLR(rep, REP_F_NOARCHIVE);
                  REP_SYSTEM_UNLOCK(dbenv);
            }
            return (ret);
      }

      /*
       * If the master changed, we need to start the process of
       * figuring out what our last valid log record is.  However,
       * if both the master and we agree that the max LSN is 0,0,
       * then there is no recovery to be done.  If we are at 0 and
       * the master is not, then we just need to request all the log
       * records from the master.
       */
      if (IS_INIT_LSN(lsn) || IS_ZERO_LSN(lsn)) {
            /*
             * If we have no log, then we have no files to open
             * in recovery, but we've opened what we can, which
             * is none.  Mark DBREP_OPENFILES here.
             */
empty:            MUTEX_LOCK(dbenv, rep->mtx_clientdb);
            F_SET(db_rep, DBREP_OPENFILES);
            ZERO_LSN(lp->verify_lsn);
            REP_SYSTEM_LOCK(dbenv);
            F_CLR(rep, REP_F_NOARCHIVE | REP_F_RECOVER_MASK);
            REP_SYSTEM_UNLOCK(dbenv);

            if (!IS_INIT_LSN(cntrl->lsn)) {
                  /*
                   * We're making an ALL_REQ.  But now that we've
                   * cleared the flags, we're likely receiving new
                   * log records from the master, resulting in a gap
                   * immediately.  So to avoid multiple data streams,
                   * set the wait_recs value high now to give the master
                   * a chance to start sending us these records before
                   * the gap code re-requests the same gap.  Wait_recs
                   * will get reset once we start receiving these
                   * records.
                   */
                  lp->wait_recs = rep->max_gap;
                  MUTEX_UNLOCK(dbenv, rep->mtx_clientdb);
                  /*
                   * Don't send the ALL_REQ if we're delayed.  But we
                   * check here, after lp->wait_recs is set up so that
                   * when the app calls rep_sync, everything is ready
                   * to go.
                   */
                  if (!F_ISSET(rep, REP_F_DELAY))
                        (void)__rep_send_message(dbenv, eid,
                            REP_ALL_REQ, &lsn, NULL,
                            0, DB_REP_ANYWHERE);
            } else
                  MUTEX_UNLOCK(dbenv, rep->mtx_clientdb);

            return (DB_REP_NEWMASTER);
      }

      memset(&dbt, 0, sizeof(dbt));
      /*
       * If this client is farther ahead on the log file than the master, see
       * if there is any overlap in the logs.  If not, the client is too
       * far ahead of the master and we cannot determine they're part of
       * the same replication group.
       */
      if (cntrl->lsn.file < lsn.file) {
            if ((ret = __log_cursor(dbenv, &logc)) != 0)
                  goto err;
            if ((ret = __log_c_get(logc, &first_lsn, &dbt, DB_FIRST)) != 0)
                  goto err;
            if (cntrl->lsn.file < first_lsn.file) {
                  __db_err(dbenv,
    "Client too far ahead of master; unable to join replication group");
                  ret = DB_REP_JOIN_FAILURE;
                  goto err;
            }
            ret = __log_c_close(logc);
            logc = NULL;
            if (ret != 0)
                  goto err;
      }
      if ((ret = __log_cursor(dbenv, &logc)) != 0)
            goto err;
      ret = __rep_log_backup(logc, &lsn);
err:  if (logc != NULL && (t_ret = __log_c_close(logc)) != 0 && ret == 0)
            ret = t_ret;
      if (ret == DB_NOTFOUND) {
            /*
             * If we don't have an identification record, we still might
             * have some log records but we're discarding them to sync
             * up with the master from the start.  Therefore,
             * truncate our log and go to the no log case.
             */
            INIT_LSN(lsn);
            RPRINT(dbenv, rep, (dbenv, &mb,
                "No commit or ckp found.  Truncate log."));
            (void)__log_vtruncate(dbenv, &lsn, &lsn, NULL);
            infop = dbenv->reginfo;
            renv = infop->primary;
            REP_SYSTEM_LOCK(dbenv);
            (void)time(&renv->rep_timestamp);
            REP_SYSTEM_UNLOCK(dbenv);
            goto empty;
      }

      /*
       * If we failed here, we need to clear the flags we may
       * have set above because we're not going to be setting
       * the verify_lsn.
       */
      if (ret != 0) {
            REP_SYSTEM_LOCK(dbenv);
            F_CLR(rep, REP_F_RECOVER_MASK | REP_F_DELAY);
            REP_SYSTEM_UNLOCK(dbenv);
            return (ret);
      }

      /*
       * Finally, we have a record to ask for.
       */
      MUTEX_LOCK(dbenv, rep->mtx_clientdb);
      lp->verify_lsn = lsn;
      lp->rcvd_recs = 0;
      lp->wait_recs = rep->request_gap;
      MUTEX_UNLOCK(dbenv, rep->mtx_clientdb);
      if (!F_ISSET(rep, REP_F_DELAY))
            (void)__rep_send_message(dbenv,
                eid, REP_VERIFY_REQ, &lsn, NULL, 0, DB_REP_ANYWHERE);

      return (DB_REP_NEWMASTER);
}

/*
 * __rep_is_client
 *    Used by other subsystems to figure out if this is a replication
 * client site.
 *
 * PUBLIC: int __rep_is_client __P((DB_ENV *));
 */
int
__rep_is_client(dbenv)
      DB_ENV *dbenv;
{
      DB_REP *db_rep;
      REP *rep;

      if (!REP_ON(dbenv))
            return (0);

      db_rep = dbenv->rep_handle;
      rep = db_rep->region;

      /*
       * Don't just return F_ISSET since that converts unsigned
       * into signed.
       */
      return (F_ISSET(rep, REP_F_CLIENT) ? 1 : 0);
}

/*
 * __rep_noarchive
 *    Used by log_archive to determine if it is okay to remove
 * log files.
 *
 * PUBLIC: int __rep_noarchive __P((DB_ENV *));
 */
int
__rep_noarchive(dbenv)
      DB_ENV *dbenv;
{
      DB_REP *db_rep;
      REGENV *renv;
      REGINFO *infop;
      REP *rep;
      time_t timestamp;

      infop = dbenv->reginfo;
      renv = infop->primary;

      /*
       * This is tested before REP_ON below because we always need
       * to obey if any replication process has disabled archiving.
       * Everything is in the environment region that we need here.
       */
      if (F_ISSET(renv, DB_REGENV_REPLOCKED)) {
            (void)time(&timestamp);
            TIMESTAMP_CHECK(dbenv, timestamp, renv);
            /*
             * Check if we're still locked out after checking
             * the timestamp.
             */
            if (F_ISSET(renv, DB_REGENV_REPLOCKED))
                  return (EINVAL);
      }

      if (!REP_ON(dbenv))
            return (0);
      db_rep = dbenv->rep_handle;
      rep = db_rep->region;
      if (F_ISSET(rep, REP_F_NOARCHIVE))
            return (1);
      return (0);
}

/*
 * __rep_send_vote
 *    Send this site's vote for the election.
 *
 * PUBLIC: void __rep_send_vote __P((DB_ENV *, DB_LSN *, int, int, int,
 * PUBLIC:    u_int32_t, u_int32_t, int, u_int32_t));
 */
void
__rep_send_vote(dbenv, lsnp, nsites, nvotes, pri, tie, egen, eid, vtype)
      DB_ENV *dbenv;
      DB_LSN *lsnp;
      int eid, nsites, nvotes, pri;
      u_int32_t egen, tie, vtype;
{
      DBT vote_dbt;
      REP_VOTE_INFO vi;

      memset(&vi, 0, sizeof(vi));

      vi.egen = egen;
      vi.priority = pri;
      vi.nsites = nsites;
      vi.nvotes = nvotes;
      vi.tiebreaker = tie;

      memset(&vote_dbt, 0, sizeof(vote_dbt));
      vote_dbt.data = &vi;
      vote_dbt.size = sizeof(vi);

      (void)__rep_send_message(dbenv, eid, vtype, lsnp, &vote_dbt, 0, 0);
}

/*
 * __rep_elect_done
 *    Clear all election information for this site.  Assumes the
 *    caller hold the region mutex.
 *
 * PUBLIC: void __rep_elect_done __P((DB_ENV *, REP *));
 */
void
__rep_elect_done(dbenv, rep)
      DB_ENV *dbenv;
      REP *rep;
{
      int inelect;
      u_int32_t endsec, endusec;
#ifdef DIAGNOSTIC
      DB_MSGBUF mb;
#else
      COMPQUIET(dbenv, NULL);
#endif
      inelect = IN_ELECTION_TALLY(rep);
      F_CLR(rep, REP_F_EPHASE1 | REP_F_EPHASE2 | REP_F_TALLY);
      rep->sites = 0;
      rep->votes = 0;
      if (inelect) {
            if (rep->esec != 0) {
                  __os_clock(dbenv, &endsec, &endusec);
                  __db_difftime(rep->esec, endsec, rep->eusec, endusec,
                      &rep->stat.st_election_sec,
                      &rep->stat.st_election_usec);
                  RPRINT(dbenv, rep, (dbenv, &mb,
                      "Election finished in %u.%06u sec",
                      rep->stat.st_election_sec,
                      rep->stat.st_election_usec));
                  rep->esec = 0;
                  rep->eusec = 0;
            }
            rep->egen++;
      }
      RPRINT(dbenv, rep, (dbenv, &mb,
          "Election done; egen %lu", (u_long)rep->egen));
}

/*
 * __rep_grow_sites --
 *    Called to allocate more space in the election tally information.
 * Called with the rep mutex held.  We need to call the region mutex, so
 * we need to make sure that we *never* acquire those mutexes in the
 * opposite order.
 *
 * PUBLIC: int __rep_grow_sites __P((DB_ENV *dbenv, int nsites));
 */
int
__rep_grow_sites(dbenv, nsites)
      DB_ENV *dbenv;
      int nsites;
{
      REGENV *renv;
      REGINFO *infop;
      REP *rep;
      int nalloc, ret, *tally;

      rep = ((DB_REP *)dbenv->rep_handle)->region;

      /*
       * Allocate either twice the current allocation or nsites,
       * whichever is more.
       */
      nalloc = 2 * rep->asites;
      if (nalloc < nsites)
            nalloc = nsites;

      infop = dbenv->reginfo;
      renv = infop->primary;
      MUTEX_LOCK(dbenv, renv->mtx_regenv);

      /*
       * We allocate 2 tally regions, one for tallying VOTE1's and
       * one for VOTE2's.  Always grow them in tandem, because if we
       * get more VOTE1's we'll always expect more VOTE2's then too.
       */
      if ((ret = __db_shalloc(infop,
          (size_t)nalloc * sizeof(REP_VTALLY), sizeof(REP_VTALLY),
          &tally)) == 0) {
            if (rep->tally_off != INVALID_ROFF)
                   __db_shalloc_free(
                       infop, R_ADDR(infop, rep->tally_off));
            rep->tally_off = R_OFFSET(infop, tally);
            if ((ret = __db_shalloc(infop,
                (size_t)nalloc * sizeof(REP_VTALLY), sizeof(REP_VTALLY),
                &tally)) == 0) {
                  /* Success */
                  if (rep->v2tally_off != INVALID_ROFF)
                         __db_shalloc_free(infop,
                            R_ADDR(infop, rep->v2tally_off));
                  rep->v2tally_off = R_OFFSET(infop, tally);
                  rep->asites = nalloc;
                  rep->nsites = nsites;
            } else {
                  /*
                   * We were unable to allocate both.  So, we must
                   * free the first one and reinitialize.  If
                   * v2tally_off is valid, it is from an old
                   * allocation and we are clearing it all out due
                   * to the error.
                   */
                  if (rep->v2tally_off != INVALID_ROFF)
                         __db_shalloc_free(infop,
                            R_ADDR(infop, rep->v2tally_off));
                  __db_shalloc_free(infop,
                      R_ADDR(infop, rep->tally_off));
                  rep->v2tally_off = rep->tally_off = INVALID_ROFF;
                  rep->asites = 0;
                  rep->nsites = 0;
            }
      }
      MUTEX_UNLOCK(dbenv, renv->mtx_regenv);
      return (ret);
}

/*
 * __env_rep_enter --
 *
 * Check if we are in the middle of replication initialization and/or
 * recovery, and if so, disallow operations.  If operations are allowed,
 * increment handle-counts, so that we do not start recovery while we
 * are operating in the library.
 *
 * PUBLIC: int __env_rep_enter __P((DB_ENV *, int));
 */
int
__env_rep_enter(dbenv, checklock)
      DB_ENV *dbenv;
      int checklock;
{
      DB_REP *db_rep;
      REGENV *renv;
      REGINFO *infop;
      REP *rep;
      int cnt;
      time_t      timestamp;

      /* Check if locks have been globally turned off. */
      if (F_ISSET(dbenv, DB_ENV_NOLOCKING))
            return (0);

      db_rep = dbenv->rep_handle;
      rep = db_rep->region;

      infop = dbenv->reginfo;
      renv = infop->primary;
      if (checklock && F_ISSET(renv, DB_REGENV_REPLOCKED)) {
            (void)time(&timestamp);
            TIMESTAMP_CHECK(dbenv, timestamp, renv);
            /*
             * Check if we're still locked out after checking
             * the timestamp.
             */
            if (F_ISSET(renv, DB_REGENV_REPLOCKED))
                  return (EINVAL);
      }

      REP_SYSTEM_LOCK(dbenv);
      for (cnt = 0; rep->in_recovery;) {
            REP_SYSTEM_UNLOCK(dbenv);
            if (FLD_ISSET(rep->config, REP_C_NOWAIT)) {
                  __db_err(dbenv,
    "Operation locked out.  Waiting for replication recovery to complete");
                  return (DB_REP_LOCKOUT);
            }
            __os_sleep(dbenv, 1, 0);
            REP_SYSTEM_LOCK(dbenv);
            if (++cnt % 60 == 0)
                  __db_err(dbenv,
    "DB_ENV handle waiting %d minutes for replication recovery to complete",
                      cnt / 60);
      }
      rep->handle_cnt++;
      REP_SYSTEM_UNLOCK(dbenv);

      return (0);
}

/*
 * __env_db_rep_exit --
 *
 *    Decrement handle count upon routine exit.
 *
 * PUBLIC: int __env_db_rep_exit __P((DB_ENV *));
 */
int
__env_db_rep_exit(dbenv)
      DB_ENV *dbenv;
{
      DB_REP *db_rep;
      REP *rep;

      /* Check if locks have been globally turned off. */
      if (F_ISSET(dbenv, DB_ENV_NOLOCKING))
            return (0);

      db_rep = dbenv->rep_handle;
      rep = db_rep->region;

      REP_SYSTEM_LOCK(dbenv);
      rep->handle_cnt--;
      REP_SYSTEM_UNLOCK(dbenv);

      return (0);
}

/*
 * __db_rep_enter --
 *    Called in replicated environments to keep track of in-use handles
 * and prevent any concurrent operation during recovery.  If checkgen is
 * non-zero, then we verify that the dbp has the same handle as the env.
 *
 * If return_now is non-zero, we'll return DB_DEADLOCK immediately, else we'll
 * sleep before returning DB_DEADLOCK.  Without the sleep, it is likely
 * the application will immediately try again and could reach a retry
 * limit before replication has a chance to finish.  The sleep increases
 * the probability that an application retry will succeed.
 *
 * PUBLIC: int __db_rep_enter __P((DB *, int, int, int));
 */
int
__db_rep_enter(dbp, checkgen, checklock, return_now)
      DB *dbp;
      int checkgen, checklock, return_now;
{
      DB_ENV *dbenv;
      DB_REP *db_rep;
      REGENV *renv;
      REGINFO *infop;
      REP *rep;
      time_t      timestamp;

      dbenv = dbp->dbenv;
      /* Check if locks have been globally turned off. */
      if (F_ISSET(dbenv, DB_ENV_NOLOCKING))
            return (0);

      db_rep = dbenv->rep_handle;
      rep = db_rep->region;
      infop = dbenv->reginfo;
      renv = infop->primary;

      if (checklock && F_ISSET(renv, DB_REGENV_REPLOCKED)) {
            (void)time(&timestamp);
            TIMESTAMP_CHECK(dbenv, timestamp, renv);
            /*
             * Check if we're still locked out after checking
             * the timestamp.
             */
            if (F_ISSET(renv, DB_REGENV_REPLOCKED))
                  return (EINVAL);
      }
      REP_SYSTEM_LOCK(dbenv);
      if (F_ISSET(rep, REP_F_READY)) {
            REP_SYSTEM_UNLOCK(dbenv);
            if (!return_now)
                  __os_sleep(dbenv, 5, 0);
            return (DB_LOCK_DEADLOCK);
      }

      if (checkgen && dbp->timestamp != renv->rep_timestamp) {
            REP_SYSTEM_UNLOCK(dbenv);
            __db_err(dbenv, "%s %s",
                "replication recovery unrolled committed transactions;",
                "open DB and DBcursor handles must be closed");
            return (DB_REP_HANDLE_DEAD);
      }
      rep->handle_cnt++;
      REP_SYSTEM_UNLOCK(dbenv);

      return (0);
}

/*
 * __op_rep_enter --
 *
 *    Check if we are in the middle of replication initialization and/or
 * recovery, and if so, disallow new multi-step operations, such as
 * transaction and memp gets.  If operations are allowed,
 * increment the op_cnt, so that we do not start recovery while we have
 * active operations.
 *
 * PUBLIC: int __op_rep_enter __P((DB_ENV *));
 */
int
__op_rep_enter(dbenv)
      DB_ENV *dbenv;
{
      DB_REP *db_rep;
      REP *rep;
      int cnt;

      /* Check if locks have been globally turned off. */
      if (F_ISSET(dbenv, DB_ENV_NOLOCKING))
            return (0);

      db_rep = dbenv->rep_handle;
      rep = db_rep->region;

      REP_SYSTEM_LOCK(dbenv);
      for (cnt = 0; F_ISSET(rep, REP_F_READY);) {
            REP_SYSTEM_UNLOCK(dbenv);
            if (FLD_ISSET(rep->config, REP_C_NOWAIT)) {
                  __db_err(dbenv,
    "Operation locked out.  Waiting for replication recovery to complete");
                  return (DB_REP_LOCKOUT);
            }
            __os_sleep(dbenv, 5, 0);
            cnt += 5;
            REP_SYSTEM_LOCK(dbenv);
            if (cnt % 60 == 0)
                  __db_err(dbenv,
      "__op_rep_enter waiting %d minutes for op count to drain",
                      cnt / 60);
      }
      rep->op_cnt++;
      REP_SYSTEM_UNLOCK(dbenv);

      return (0);
}

/*
 * __op_rep_exit --
 *
 *    Decrement op count upon transaction commit/abort/discard or
 *    memp_fput.
 *
 * PUBLIC: int __op_rep_exit __P((DB_ENV *));
 */
int
__op_rep_exit(dbenv)
      DB_ENV *dbenv;
{
      DB_REP *db_rep;
      REP *rep;

      /* Check if locks have been globally turned off. */
      if (F_ISSET(dbenv, DB_ENV_NOLOCKING))
            return (0);

      db_rep = dbenv->rep_handle;
      rep = db_rep->region;

      REP_SYSTEM_LOCK(dbenv);
      DB_ASSERT(rep->op_cnt > 0);
      rep->op_cnt--;
      REP_SYSTEM_UNLOCK(dbenv);

      return (0);
}

/*
 * __rep_get_gen --
 *
 *    Get the generation number from a replicated environment.
 *
 * PUBLIC: int __rep_get_gen __P((DB_ENV *, u_int32_t *));
 */
int
__rep_get_gen(dbenv, genp)
      DB_ENV *dbenv;
      u_int32_t *genp;
{
      DB_REP *db_rep;
      REP *rep;

      db_rep = dbenv->rep_handle;
      rep = db_rep->region;

      REP_SYSTEM_LOCK(dbenv);
      if (rep->recover_gen > rep->gen)
            *genp = rep->recover_gen;
      else
            *genp = rep->gen;
      REP_SYSTEM_UNLOCK(dbenv);

      return (0);
}

/*
 * __rep_lockout --
 *    Coordinate with other threads in the library and active txns so
 *    that we can run single-threaded, for recovery or internal backup.
 *    Assumes the caller holds the region mutex.
 *
 * PUBLIC: int __rep_lockout __P((DB_ENV *, REP *, u_int32_t));
 */
int
__rep_lockout(dbenv, rep, msg_th)
      DB_ENV *dbenv;
      REP *rep;
      u_int32_t msg_th;
{
      int wait_cnt;

      /* Phase 1: set REP_F_READY and wait for op_cnt to go to 0. */
      F_SET(rep, REP_F_READY);
      for (wait_cnt = 0; rep->op_cnt != 0;) {
            REP_SYSTEM_UNLOCK(dbenv);
            __os_sleep(dbenv, 1, 0);
#if defined(DIAGNOSTIC) || defined(CONFIG_TEST)
            if (++wait_cnt % 60 == 0)
                  __db_err(dbenv,
      "Waiting for txn_cnt to run replication recovery/backup for %d minutes",
                  wait_cnt / 60);
#endif
            REP_SYSTEM_LOCK(dbenv);
      }

      /*
       * Phase 2: set in_recovery and wait for handle count to go
       * to 0 and for the number of threads in __rep_process_message
       * to go to 1 (us).
       */
      rep->in_recovery = 1;
      for (wait_cnt = 0; rep->handle_cnt != 0 || rep->msg_th > msg_th;) {
            REP_SYSTEM_UNLOCK(dbenv);
            __os_sleep(dbenv, 1, 0);
#ifdef DIAGNOSTIC
            if (++wait_cnt % 60 == 0)
                  __db_err(dbenv,
"Waiting for handle count to run replication recovery/backup for %d minutes",
                  wait_cnt / 60);
#endif
            REP_SYSTEM_LOCK(dbenv);
      }

      return (0);
}

/*
 * __rep_send_throttle -
 *    Send a record, throttling if necessary.  Callers of this function
 * will throttle - breaking out of their loop, if the repth->type field
 * changes from the normal message type to the *_MORE message type.
 * This function will send the normal type unless throttling gets invoked.
 * Then it sets the type field and sends the _MORE message.
 *
 * PUBLIC: int __rep_send_throttle __P((DB_ENV *, int, REP_THROTTLE *,
 * PUBLIC:    u_int32_t));
 */
int
__rep_send_throttle(dbenv, eid, repth, flags)
      DB_ENV *dbenv;
      int eid;
      REP_THROTTLE *repth;
      u_int32_t flags;
{
      DB_REP *db_rep;
      REP *rep;
      u_int32_t size, typemore;
      int check_limit;

      check_limit = repth->gbytes != 0 || repth->bytes != 0;
      /*
       * If we only want to do throttle processing and we don't have it
       * turned on, return immediately.
       */
      if (!check_limit && LF_ISSET(REP_THROTTLE_ONLY))
            return (0);

      db_rep = dbenv->rep_handle;
      rep = db_rep->region;
      typemore = 0;
      if (repth->type == REP_LOG)
            typemore = REP_LOG_MORE;
      if (repth->type == REP_PAGE)
            typemore = REP_PAGE_MORE;
      DB_ASSERT(typemore != 0);

      /*
       * data_dbt.size is only the size of the log
       * record;  it doesn't count the size of the
       * control structure. Factor that in as well
       * so we're not off by a lot if our log records
       * are small.
       */
      size = repth->data_dbt->size + sizeof(REP_CONTROL);
      if (check_limit) {
            if (repth->lsn.offset == 28) {
                  repth->type = typemore;
                  goto send;
            }
            while (repth->bytes <= size) {
                  if (repth->gbytes > 0) {
                        repth->bytes += GIGABYTE;
                        --(repth->gbytes);
                        continue;
                  }
                  /*
                   * We don't hold the rep mutex,
                   * and may miscount.
                   */
                  rep->stat.st_nthrottles++;
                  repth->type = typemore;
                  goto send;
            }
            repth->bytes -= size;
      }
      /*
       * Always send if it is typemore, otherwise send only if
       * REP_THROTTLE_ONLY is not set.
       */
send: if ((repth->type == typemore || !LF_ISSET(REP_THROTTLE_ONLY)) &&
          (__rep_send_message(dbenv, eid, repth->type,
          &repth->lsn, repth->data_dbt, DB_LOG_RESEND, 0) != 0))
            return (1);
      return (0);
}

#ifdef DIAGNOSTIC
/*
 * PUBLIC: void __rep_print_message __P((DB_ENV *, int, REP_CONTROL *, char *));
 */
void
__rep_print_message(dbenv, eid, rp, str)
      DB_ENV *dbenv;
      int eid;
      REP_CONTROL *rp;
      char *str;
{
      DB_MSGBUF mb;
      char *type;

      switch (rp->rectype) {
      case REP_ALIVE:
            type = "alive";
            break;
      case REP_ALIVE_REQ:
            type = "alive_req";
            break;
      case REP_ALL_REQ:
            type = "all_req";
            break;
      case REP_BULK_LOG:
            type = "bulk_log";
            break;
      case REP_BULK_PAGE:
            type = "bulk_page";
            break;
      case REP_DUPMASTER:
            type = "dupmaster";
            break;
      case REP_FILE:
            type = "file";
            break;
      case REP_FILE_FAIL:
            type = "file_fail";
            break;
      case REP_FILE_REQ:
            type = "file_req";
            break;
      case REP_LOG:
            type = "log";
            break;
      case REP_LOG_MORE:
            type = "log_more";
            break;
      case REP_LOG_REQ:
            type = "log_req";
            break;
      case REP_MASTER_REQ:
            type = "master_req";
            break;
      case REP_NEWCLIENT:
            type = "newclient";
            break;
      case REP_NEWFILE:
            type = "newfile";
            break;
      case REP_NEWMASTER:
            type = "newmaster";
            break;
      case REP_NEWSITE:
            type = "newsite";
            break;
      case REP_PAGE:
            type = "page";
            break;
      case REP_PAGE_FAIL:
            type = "page_fail";
            break;
      case REP_PAGE_MORE:
            type = "page_more";
            break;
      case REP_PAGE_REQ:
            type = "page_req";
            break;
      case REP_REREQUEST:
            type = "rerequest";
            break;
      case REP_UPDATE:
            type = "update";
            break;
      case REP_UPDATE_REQ:
            type = "update_req";
            break;
      case REP_VERIFY:
            type = "verify";
            break;
      case REP_VERIFY_FAIL:
            type = "verify_fail";
            break;
      case REP_VERIFY_REQ:
            type = "verify_req";
            break;
      case REP_VOTE1:
            type = "vote1";
            break;
      case REP_VOTE2:
            type = "vote2";
            break;
      default:
            type = "NOTYPE";
            break;
      }
      RPRINT(dbenv, ((REP *)((DB_REP *)(dbenv)->rep_handle)->region),
          (dbenv, &mb, "%s %s: gen = %lu eid %d, type %s, LSN [%lu][%lu]",
          dbenv->db_home, str, (u_long)rp->gen,
          eid, type, (u_long)rp->lsn.file, (u_long)rp->lsn.offset));
}
#endif

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